FC: Communism in Russia: Activities
1: My Dear Friend, I am writing to let you know of the amazing events that I witnessed at the Constituent Assembly. Lenin didn't want to give up power can you believe it? I thought that it was strange for him not to obey what the elections mandated and that honestly it was a bit power hungry of him but hopefully it will be for the best of Russia.
2: Communist Victory | Decisive Important Quite Important Not Important | * Trotsky's Leadership - without him there would have been no Red Army to fight in the Civil War. * Communist control of communications - With communications in Communist control the Whites had almost no way of getting information to each other and were made ineffective. | * Communist Propaganda - Propaganda turned Russians against the Whites which made it more likely that the Red Army would have more volunteer soldiers. * Cruelty of the Whites - This again put Russians against the Whites. | * Lack of one White leader - The lack of a leader most likely made the Whites disorganized and probably caused them to have a lot of mixed ideas and plans without anyone there to try to actually put some in action effectively. | * Foreign Intervention - This wasn't important because in 1920 foreign powers withdrew their support and armies.
3: Dear Lenin, I am a peasant living in a village that has been greatly affected by the War Communism. I do in fact realize that it has been done to help our country during war. However, I would like to ask that you stop or at least cut back on War Communism. it has taken away our ability to earn a profit from the surplus of crops we grow. It makes it very hard to keep ourselves and our families fed. It has also taken away a factory's ability to decide what it shall produce. While I want what is best for our country I would also like to survive long enough to see the good in our sacrifices and right now I don't see that happening for mo or any of my fellow peasants. i would like to ask, with all due respect, that you at least allow us to continue to produce and sell surplus for a profit. I believe that it will make other villagers more willing to produce what the government and armies need. - Sincerely, Anastasia
4: The following are two interviews: one with a Communist who is opposed to NEP, the other with a nepman who has benefited from NEP. This was done in an attempt to see the different point of views in each while their names will remain hidden for their discretion. | Petrograd News | Reporter: Thank you for agreeing to do this interview. I would just like you to explain to us why you are opposed to NEP. Communist: Well, I would first like to point out that we are a Communist country. We must stand by our Communist beliefs. This new policy is a betrayal to those beliefs. We are giving in to evil Capitalistic views. We are doing it voluntarily by encouraging private enterprise and profit-making. | Reporter: I would like to thank you for agreeing to do this interview beforehand. I would just like you to give us your point of view on the NEP. Nepman: Well, I think that the NEP was a great idea. It has helped many villages escape starvation and has allowed us to sell our surplus for profit. The New Economic Policy has helped give us a new incentive to work on our production and industrialization. I personally believe that it should not be temporary but a permanent solution.
5: British World News: Soviet Union | On January 21, 1924, Vladimir Lenin, Communist leader of the Soviet Union, passed away after a series of strokes that began in the spring of 1922 and continued in December of 1922 and March of 1923. Originally Vladimir Ulyanov, Lenin was born in Simbirsk in 1870. He was the the leader of the Bolshevik Revolution and founder of the Soviet Communist Party. He was very loved by his people and they will miss him greatly.
6: Name: Joseph Stalin Qualifications: * General Secretary * "Close" Lenin follower * Popular with the Communist Party * 'Socialism in Ono Country' policy * Clever | Name: Trotsky Qualifications: * Lenin's choice as successor * Strong personality * Intelligent * Popular with the army * Leading part in the Bolshevik Revolution and in the Civil War.
7: Reporter: Could you please tell us how collectivization has impacted your life as a villager? Villager: Before collectivization, villagers had their own animals and plots of land to farm while the surplus, and some that wasn't surplus, was given or taken by the government in order for them to feed the army. Then came the NEP in which we were allowed to keep the surplus and sell it for profit. This helped us begin to get our production levels back up. Now. with collectivization, we have had to give up our land and animals and pool together with other families to work on one big farm and learn o use more advanced farming tools. Sure, we received a small wage for our work but now we keep experiencing shortages in produce and are beginning to starve. It's awful and we don't know how to get out of it. | Interview with villager
8: BBC Radio: Moscow | Hello fellow listeners. This is the BBC radio here in Moscow. This just in there were some 'show trials' in which Zinoviev, Kamenev, and other Left Opposition leaders were arrested and confessed to plotting after NKVD torture and brainwashing. This has been very shocking though it does seem to prove that the state and Stalin were right. It seems that there is conspiracy in our great nation. More information will be provided at a later date but it does seem that there leaders of the Left Opposition will be executed once everything is settled.