S: CIVIL WAR: 1865
FC: CIVIL WAR 1865 | BY: ANNA LUCIANO
1: APRIL 4, 1865 | Two days after Confederate forces evacuated Richmond, President Abraham Lincoln and his son, Tad, toured the ruins of the previous Confederate capitol. They were greeted ecstatically by mobs of former slaves and poor whites. Lincoln was accompanied by Admiral Porter, Captain Bell, and a small protective force of about a half dozen soldiers. | Photo 1: Drawn by Frank Leslie and displays President Lincoln riding through Richmond, Virginia amid the enthusiastic cheers of the inhabitants. | Photo 2: An illustration from Harper's Weekly that correctly displays the legacy of Lincoln as the Great Emancipator. Harper's succinctly stated that "Posterity will see in him a greater man than his contemporaries can acknowledge".
2: APRIL 9, 1865 | Robert E. Lee surrenders the Army of Northern Virginia to Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in the village of Appomattox Court House. Grant permitted soldiers with mules and horses to keep them and gave food to Lee's starving army. After four long and perilous years the Civil War was officially over. | Photo 2: This broadside announcing the surrender of General Robert E. Lee appeared in Detroit on the day following Lee's surrender. | Photo 1: Confederate General Robert E. Lee seated with 2 of his officers. Photographed by Mathew Brady on April, 1865, following Lee's surrender to General Ulysses S. Grant at the Appomattox Court House in Richmond, Virginia.
3: APRIL 10, 1865 | Once the news of Gen. Lee's surrender broke out, the capitol of Washington was in a state of celebration. The Civil War granted a new future for the growing country, one that Lincoln would later discuss in a speech given the following day. The photograph above was taken by Alexander Gardner the day after the Civil War ended, and only four days before Abraham Lincoln would be assassinated by John Wilkes Booth. Lincoln looks very tired and had aged a great deal since he took office.
4: While attending a special performance of the comedy, "Our American Cousin", actor John Wilkes Booth entered the presidential box at Ford's Theatre in Washington D.C., and fatally shot President Abraham Lincoln. Doctors moved the paralyzed President to a house across the street. Lincoln doesn't regain consciousness. | APRIL 14, 1865 | Above is a lithograph that shows the assassination of Abraham Lincoln. Pictured, from left, are Henry Rathbone, Clara Harris, Mary Todd Lincoln, Abraham Lincoln and John Wilkes Booth.
5: APRIL 15, 1865 | The 16th President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln, is pronounced dead at 7:22am due to a bullet wound from the night before. The president's body was placed in a temporary coffin draped with a flag and was escorted by armed cavalry to the White House for an autopsy. Vice President Andrew Johnson takes the presidency. | Photo: The bed Lincoln died in. This photo was taken just hours afterwards by Julius Ulke.
6: APRIL 18, 1865 | Confederate Gen. Joseph E. Johnston surrenders to Gen. William Sherman, they began surrender negotiations at the Bennett Place near Durham. "COMRADES: . . . I earnestly exhort you to observe faithfully the terms of pacification agreed upon; and to discharge the obligations of good and peaceful citizens, as well as you have performed the duties of thorough soldiers in the field. By such a course, you will best secure the comfort of your families and kindred, and restore tranquility to our country". -General Joseph E. Johnston Above is an illustration of General Joseph E. Johnston's surrender of the Army of Tennessee to General William Tecumseh Sherman at Bennett Place, North Carolina, April 1865.
7: APRIL 26, 1865 | John Wilkes Booth and his co-conspirators were found at Richard G. Garret's farm in Port Royal, Virginia. Booth was shot by the investigators, and when he still refused to surrender, they set the barn on fire. Booth crawled out, badly burned, and died soon after. | Photo: At this moment Booth's body was dragged out of the burning barn. For a short time the dying man was placed on the grass near a locust tree. Soon, the body was moved to the front porch of the Garrett home. Booth was paralyzed and barely alive.
8: May 4, 1865 | On this day in 1865, Abraham Lincoln is laid to rest in his hometown of Springfield, Illinois. His funeral train began in Washington D.C. and had passed 180 cities and seven states before finally reaching Springfield, Illinois. The picture above shows The Old Nashville, which was the steam engine that drove Lincoln's funeral train from Washington to Springfield, IL.
9: May 29, 1865 | President Andrew Johnson appoints William Holden as provisional governor of North Carolina, a blueprint for his plans of Presidential Reconstruction. Holden was instructed to call a constitutional convention of men who had signed an oath of allegiance to the United States. | Photo: On the left there is a photo of William Woods Holden who was the 38th and 40th Governor of North Carolina. He was appointed by President Andrew Johnson in 1865 for a brief term, and then elected in 1868, serving until 1871.
10: December 6, 1865 | Formally abolishing slavery in the United States, the 13th Amendment was passed by the Congress on January 31, 1865, and ratified by the states on December 6, 1865. The 13th Amendment to the Constitution declared that "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction". | The picture on the left shows the original document for the 13th amendment of the United States.Lincoln signed this copy of the Thirteenth Amendment Resolution in early February 1865, just two months before he was assassinated
11: WORK CITED | April 4, 1865: Photo 1: Leslie, Frank. President Lincoln Riding through Richmond, VA. 1865. Richmond, Virginia. Photo 2: Nast, Thomas. Freed Slaves Greeting Abraham Lincoln in Richmond Virginia. 1865. Harper's Weekly. Richmond, Virginia. April 9, 1865 Photo 1: Brady, Mathew. Confederate General Robert E. Lee, Seated with 2 of His Officers. 1865. Appomattox Court House in Richmond, Virginia Photo 2: Picture History : Surrender of General Lee. Digital image. Picture History : Surrender of General Lee. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Apr. 2014.