FC: Comparative Government Project | Mark Mason
1: United States | The United States Constitution was adopted in1789 after the failure of the Articles of Confederation. The Constitution sets up a Federal system, where the states are overseen by the federal government, and it has laws to restrict the governments power, creating a limited government Capital: Washington DC
2: Executive Branch- Headed by the president, currently Barack Obama. The roles of the president include, chief of state, head of government, commander and chief Legislative Branch-bicameral legislature with two houses, the Senate (2 members from each state, 100 total) and the House of Representatives (435 members, number of reps per state is based on population) Judiciary- highest court is the Supreme Court (made up of 9 justices). Below the supreme court are the circuit and appeals courts
3: economy- market oriented economy imports -America's largest imports include crude oil, technology parts, automobiles, furniture toys exports- America's largest exports include agricultural products, industrial supplies, capital goods, and consumer goods
4: Mexico | The current Mexican Constitution was adopted in 1917 Federal System that governs 31 states and a limited government Capital: Mexico City
6: Executive Branch: Chief of state and head of government- President Enrique Pena Nieto cabinet appointed by president president serves a single 6 year term Legislative Branch: bicameral national congress, the two houses are the Senate (128 seats; 96 members elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms, and 32 seats allocated on the basis of each party's popular vote) and the Chamber of Deputies (500 seats; 300 members are elected by popular vote; remaining 200 members are allocated on the basis of each party's popular vote; members to serve three-year terms) Judiciary: Highest court- Supreme Court of Justice with 21 ministers (judges) and 5 supernumerary judges
7: Economy: Free market economy largest trade partner is the US Imports: metalworking machines, steel mill products, agricultural machinery, electrical equipment, car parts for assembly, repair parts for motor vehicles, aircraft, and aircraft parts Exports: manufactured goods, oil and oil products, silver, fruits, vegetables, coffee, cotton
8: United Kingdom | Has an unwritten Constitution that creates a limited federal system. Made up of England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. Capital- London
10: Executive Branch: Chief of State- Queen Elizabeth II Head of Government- Prime Minister David Cameron elections- The monarchy in hereditary, and the Prime Minister is elected from the nation's leading political party Legislative Branch: Bicameral legislature called Parliament. Made up of the House of Lords (780 seats, lifetime membership), and the House of Commons (650 seats, elected by popular vote to serve 5 year terms) Judiciary: Highest court- The Supreme Court (12 justices) Subordinate Courts- England and Wales - Court of Appeal (civil and criminal divisions); High Court; Crown Court; County Courts; Magistrates' Courts; Scotland - Court of Sessions; Sheriff Courts; High Court of Judiciary; tribunals; Northern Ireland - Court of Appeal in Northern Ireland; High Court; county courts; magistrates' courts; specialized tribunals
11: economy: Market Economy based on agriculture and natural resources imports: manufactured goods, machinery, fuels; foodstuffs exports: manufactured goods, fuels, chemicals; food, beverages, tobacco
12: People's Republic of China | China is a Communist State that uses a unitary system and is authoritarian. Its most recent constitution was established in 1982 Capital: Beijing
14: Executive Branch: Chief of State- President Xi Jinping Head of Government- Premier Li Keqiang Elections- president and vice president elected by National People's Congress for a five-year term (eligible for a second term); elections last held on 5-17 March 2013 (next to be held in March 2018); premier nominated by president, confirmed by National People's Congress Legislative Branch: One house of legislature called the National People's Congress (2,987 seats; members elected by municipal, regional, and provincial people's congresses, and People's Liberation Army to serve five-year terms) Judiciary: Highest court- Supreme People's Court (340 judges including the chief justice)
15: Economy: Largely controlled by the government but recently they have become more market oriented Imports: electrical and other machinery, oil and mineral fuels; nuclear reactor, boiler, and machinery components; optical and medical equipment, metal ores, motor vehicles; soybeans Exports: electrical and other machinery, including data processing equipment, apparel, radio telephone handsets, textiles, integrated circuits
16: New Zealand | Current Constitution adopted in 1987. It establishes a Federal system and a limited government. Parliamentary Democracy Capital: Wellington
18: Executive Branch: Chief of State- Queen Elizabeth II, represented in New Zealand by Governor General Lt Gen Sir Jerry Mateparae Head of Government- Prime Minister John Key Elections- The governor general is elected by the Queen Legislative Branch: Parliament with one house, the House of Representatives. (usually 120 seats; 70 members elected by popular vote in single-member constituencies including 7 Maori constituencies, 50 proportional seats chosen from party lists; serve three-year terms) Judiciary: Highest Court- The Supreme Court (5 justices). justices appointed by the governor-general on the recommendation of the attorney-general; justices appointed for life
19: Economy: Free Market Economy Imports: machinery and equipment, vehicles, aircraft, petroleum, electronics, textiles, plastics Exports: dairy products, meat, wood and wood products, fish, machinery
20: Works Cited Big Ben. N.d. The Central Intelligence Agency. The World Factbook. Web. 21 Mar. 2014.
21: "Flag of the United Kingdom." The World Factbook. The Central Intelligence Agency, n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2014.
22: "Map of the United Kingdom." The World Factbook. The Central Intelligence Agency, n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2014.
23: Namco Lake. N.d. The Word Factbook. The Central Intelligence Agency. The World Factbook. Web. 23 Mar. 2014.
24: "North America: The United States." The World Factbook. The Central Intelligence Agency, 11 Mar. 2014. Web. 20 Mar. 2014.
25: World War 2 Memorial. N.d. The World Factbook. The Central Intelligence Agency. The World Factbook. Web. 20 Apr. 2014.