S: Immigrants of the Late 1800's and early 1900's.
BC: Many immigrants faced hardships on their journey to America. They also faced harsh abuse and discrimination, but they fought for their rights. If it wasn't for them America wouldn't be the same as it is today.
FC: From 1800 to 1880 more than 10 million immigrants came to America these were the old immigrants. Between 1891 and 1910 12 million immigrants came to the U.S. Many ethnic groups heard stories of America and many wanted to "Escape religious, racial, and political persecution, along with relief from a lack of economic opportunity or famine in their own country". Most immigrants couldn't afford first class passage and went through Ellis Island in New York. Immigrants would be asked 29 questions and if they were suspected of being criminal, strikebreakers, anarchists or had any diseases they were sent back.
1: German immigrants In 1840 crop failures in Germany and political unrest lead to the mass immigration of Germans to the U.S.. Most of them settled in New York. Germans brought a lot of culture and foods such as polka,sauerkraut, and baked goods. German immigrants were often treated as enemy's and changed their names to sound more American.
2: Irish immigrants Starting in 1845 the Irish potatoes famine led to the immigration of Irish looking for better opportunity's in America. The Irish settled everywhere, but the largest was in new York. They helped build the Intercontinental Railway along with German immigrants and others. Irish were treated poorly, they were sometimes considered a separate race and stores would have signs that said 'No Irish Need Apply".
3: Chinese Immigrants The first big wave of of Chinese immigrants came with the California gold rush in 1848, most of them moved because of civil war and famine. They first arrived in San Francisco and founded the first china town there. Chinese were treated badly in America, they faced discrimination and economic hardship.
4: Italian immigrants Italy was becoming overcrowded and in 1890 large numbers of Italians came to America to escape low wages and high taxes. Most Italians settled in Philadelphia, Chicago, and New York.They brought over their culture along with their food, which includes pizza, and spaghetti. Italians were sometimes considered to be violent and "controlled by the mafia" because of figures like Al Capone.
5: Japanese immigrants Most Japanese immigrants moved to America because of economy problems in japan. The Majority of Japanese lived in Hawaii | The new immigrants in Hawaii introduced irrigation methods that helped the grow of crops. Japanese were treated poorly especially during WWII, they had to go to concentration camps and fell prey to racism and abuse.