1: The early Paleo Indians Archaic Indians and the Woodlands Indians were here in the united states 18,000 years ago. Archeologists discovered new artifacts recently. Then that’s how they proofed that there were people here 18,000 years ago. paleo Indians were hunter gatherers and they used spears. The Achaic Indians were more farmers and they used an Atlatl. They stored food. The Wood land Indians were tribes and farmers. They invented the bow and arrow. They traded and store food.
3: In Virginia there are three Native American tribes that spoke 3 different languages. The 3 language groups are Algonquian, Siouan, and the Iroquoian. The Algonquian mostly lived around the Coastal Plains. That means that they fished with bone hooks. The Iroquoian lived in the App. Plateau. And the southern region of the Tidewater area they hunted and fished. Siouan mostly lived in the Piedmont region. The Siouan built mounds to bury there dead. They traded with other Indians around there area. They also planted crops.
4: The English settlements had many effects on Native American. One of the effects was English disease that wiped out 20,000 out of 50,000 Indians. The Indians’ land was reduced by English settlers because of wars and treaties. A lot of the time Indians did not know what they were signing then ended up giving land away. There were a lot of laws that affected the Native Americans. It was called the Racial Integrity Act. The rules were if you had brown skin you couldn't marry a white person. There was no public schooling for colored kids in Virginia. They had to go out of state. Indians could not address themselves as Native Americans. They had to address themselves as colored people. The Racial Integrity Act lasted from1924 to1967. The Pamunkey and Mattaponi still have reservations in Virginia! Today the chiefs want to teach their kids their heritage. They hold Powwows which are Indian celebrations. The Powwow always requires a drummer.
5: Governor Bob McDonnell declared that November is when Virginians should celebrate Native American heritage. Why you ask? Well, Governor McDonnell doesn't like it when we just recognize the Indians’ history we should also recognize their present day lives. There are eleven tribal states total and six are still searching for federal recognition. Governor Bob McDonnell said the state of Virginia should partner with the tribal governments. He also updated the SOL.