FC: Conditions of overseas factories for Apple and Nike
2: Charles Dickens | Dickens would best be called a socialist or a humanitarian. A humanitarian is someone who fights the injustice of poor working conditions. From a young age he worked to help his family in a sweatshop. Because his father was in jail, he was the primary care giver to the family. He grew up to write many books criticizing the greedy business owners. He was one of the reformers in the industrial revolution. He thought that laws were needed to regulate working hours and wages.
4: Karl Marx | Karl Marx is best known as the father of communism. He believed that almost every struggle in life came from the competition of classes. In communism, there would be no classes, people would just work for the common good. “From each according to his abilities, to each according to his needs." He thought that his classless society would create more harmony between the upper class, the bourgeoisie, and the proletariat.
5: “The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles.”
7: Adam Smith | Adam Smith is known as the founder of classical economics. He believed in the theory of supply and demand. If there was a small amount of something and a high demand, people would pay a lot for it. He also believed in the law of competition. Businesses need to outdo each other to get the people's attention. He came up with the idea of free enterprise. Free enterprise is the idea that people should be able to run their business to their full advantage.
9: "What's a bag of chips divided by 5, that's a Nike worker's meal." - Bo Burnham
10: Nike has acknowledged labor problems in the past and has promised to change. | Nike factories violated local minimum wage laws, payed subsistence wages and illegally forced massive overtime. | Nike factories subjected workers (90% young women and girls) to criminally dangerous, brutal sweatshops.
11: Dickens- "I have been in the same situations as these people when I was a child. I had to provide for my family, and it was very difficult. I really disapprove of the conditions of the overseas factories. I wrote many books criticizing sweatshops. I really disapprove of how children are expected to provide for their families.Things in the Nike sweatshops reminds me of how it was during the industrial revolution. Many people have called me a humanitarian, someone who fights the injustice of poor working conditions, so if I were alive, I would probably have written a book about it already. " | Marx- "I think that if we had a classless society, we wouldn't have to worry about the problem of some people being treated worse than others. If everyone worked to the common good, then everyone would be equally taken care of. The fact that these people don't get enough to eat and can barely help themselves is a tragedy because the people who are wearing Nike get payed way more than the workers. If everyone shared their wealth then we would have no problems, and people would live a happy and comfortable life."
14: Foxconn, one of the companies that builds iPhones and iPads has a factory in Shenzhen that employs 430,000 people. | Foxconn’s military-style practices requires workers to live in dormitories with up to 10 people a room. | Before the inspectors arrive Foxconn just replaces the young-looking workers with older ones because they hire children under the age of 13.
15: Adam Smith- "I am called the father of economics because I believe in a society where you can base your business on the theory of supply and demand. iPhones and iPads are in high demand. Therefore, I think that Apple should be able to run their business to their full advantage, even if that means hiring children or requiring long hours at little pay. People are willing to pay whatever to get the newest Apple products, so I think that Apple should be able to decide what they think a fair working environment is."