S: The Reformation by Kayla Ryan
FC: The Reformation
1: The Reformation By: Kayla Ryan History C
2: How Did the Reformation Start? | It was a rebirth of art, learning, and religion in Europe. It started in Italy around 1400. People started questioning whether or not what the Church was saying was true. Since people couldn't read, they didn't read the Bible. | The Reformation began for three main reasons - The Church was corrupt, it discriminated against other religions such as Jews and Muslims, and money issues. The Church made more money by selling spots within the clergy. Indulgences were also sold which were believed to hold a spot in Heaven for you. The Church was also corrupt because people within it would often use torture as a way to turn people Christian. The people performing these horrible acts claimed it was all in the "name of God".
3: Johann Tetzal, Martin Luther, and the Pope played roles in Lutheranism. Tetzel sold indulgences, which Luther was strongly against. Luther looked in the Bible to see if there was anything about it in there, which there wasn't. The Pope excommunicated Luther because he was going against what the Church was saying. | Lutheranism started in Wittenburg, Germany. | Luther believed that someone could get through faith alone. You didn't have to do good deeds (but you still had to be a good person!). Basically, you just had to believe in God to be able to get into Heaven. | Lutheranism
4: Martin Luther (Lutheranism) Martin Luther made up and put the 95 Theses (or complaints against the Church) on the Church door. He believed the Pope was corrupt and was against indulgences. Luther did not intend on creating a new religion, but people liked his ideas so much, that it turned into Lutheranism. The symbol to the right is the symbol of Lutheranism.
5: Luther believed that someone could get through faith alone. You didn't have to do good deeds (but you still had to be a good person!). Basically, you just had to believe in God.
6: Calvinist | John Calvin was anti-Catholic. He was however influenced by Martin Luther. He was influenced by Luther, but he didn't agree with his beliefs. | John Calvin believed that whether or not you went to Heaven or Hell was predetermined when you were born and God knew everything that was going to happen in your life. John Calvin also believed in a "pure" approach to life - no drinking, swearing, or gambling.
7: The Calvinist Church | The Calvinist Church started in Geneva, Switzerland. Martin Luther was involved because he deeply influenced John Calvin. No other people besides John Calvin and Martin Luther were involved in the making of this religion.
8: The Protestant Church | Switzerland - Calvinsim England - Puritans Scotland - Presbyterians Holland - Dutch Reform France - Huguenots Germany - Reform Church All of these are forms of Calvinism, just with different names.
9: The Anglican Church was started in London, England by Queen Elizabeth I, daughter of King Henry VIII (to the left) | Anglican Church
10: Queen Elizabeth I | Queen Elizabeth I took the throne in 1558. One year later, she wanted to set up a Church similar to the one of her father. This was to be called the Anglican Church.
11: Beliefs and Characteristics of the Anglican Church | - Priests COULD marry - Sermons were in English, not Latin -Priests wore robes and golden crucifixes -Book of Common Prayer (revised to be more acceptable to Catholics) -Blend of Catholic and Protestant beliefs
12: The End of the Reformation | The Reformation Lasted from 1400 to 1600. Calvinism, Lutheranism, and Anglicanism are all still Christian religions today.