FC: RAND CANYON | Comparative Government Project By: Lauren Wesolowski
1: There are many different governments throughout the world...
2: NATURE | THE WONDER | The current U.S. Constitution was adopted in 1789; it was last amended in 2013 | Federal government: Three branches of government: Limited government | Political parties: Democratic, Republican, Libertarian, Green | USA
3: USA | USA | Executive Branch: one President who is Commander in Chief, Head of Government | Legislative Branch: Bicameral congress, consists of Congress and House of Representatives | Judicial Branch: Supreme Court with 9 Justices appointed by the president. Appeals Court and District/County Courts at the local level
4: History of Government: disliked the way the English government was run, broke away from the monarchy and created a democracy with equal branches of government during the late 1700s.
5: Economy: the US has the largest and most technologically powerful economy in the world. In this market-oriented economy, private individuals and business firms make most of the decisions and the federal and state governments buy needed goods and services predominantly in the private marketplace | Major Imports: industrial supplies, consumer goods (cars, clothing, medicines, etc.) | Major Exports: aircraft/motor vehicle parts, computers, telecommunications equipment
6: MEXICO | Constitution: Last approved in 1917 & last amended in 2012 | Federal system | Political parties: citizens movement, institutional revolutionary party, labor party, Mexican green ecological party, national action party, new alliance party, party of the democratic revolution
7: Executive Branch: Chief of State and Head of Government are both the president | Legislative Branch: bicameral national congress consisting of Chamber of Deputies and Senate | Judicial Branch: Supreme Court is the highest court. Appointed by president and approved by Senate. Subordinate courts include state/district courts
8: Economy: free market economy-- It contains a mixture of modern and outmoded industry and agriculture, increasingly dominated by the private sector | Major Exports: manufactured goods, oil/oil products, silver, fruits, and vegetables, coffee, cotton | Major Imports: metalworking machines, steel mill products, agricultural machinery, electrical equipment, car parts for assembly, repair parts for motor vehicles, aircraft, and aircraft parts
9: History of Mexican Government: had many indigenous people who governed themselves before Columbus and Cortez came to colonize the Mexicans. The Spanish had a strong conquest over the Mexican government in the 1500s. Then in the 1800s the Mexicans gained their independence from the Spanish. Then the French came to conquer shortly after; but between 1910-40 the Mexican Revolution took place and independence was gained.
10: United Kingdom | No written constitution: Unitary government: constitutional monarchy
11: Legislative Branch: bicameral parliament; house of lords/house of commons Executive Branch: Chief of State- Queen Elizabeth II; Head of Government- Prime Minister David Cameron; Cabinet- cabinet of ministers appointed by prime minister Judiciary System— Supreme Court (12 justices); with court of appeal & many other county/magistrate courts below
12: Political Parties: Conservative, Alliance, Democratic Unionist Party, Labor, Liberal Democrats, Party of Wales, Scottish National Party, Sinn Fein, Social Democratic and Labor Party, Ulster Unionist Party, United Kingdom Independent party | History of Government: One of the oldest structured governments--always had a monarchy but later adapted the idea of a constitutional monarchy.
13: Economy: Longstanding trading power/financial center, third greatest economy in Europe after Germany and France | Major Imports: manufactured goods, machinery, fuels, foodstuffs Major Exports: manufactured goods, fuels, chemicals; food beverages, tobacco
14: People's Republic of China | Several previous constitutions, however the latest was recognized in 1982 and since then has been amended several times, last in 2005 | Unitary Government: Communist State
15: Legislative: Unicameral--National People’s Congress or 'quanguo renmin daibiao dahui' | Executive: Chief of state-President XI Jinping, Head of Government- Premier LI Keqiang, Cabinet-state council appointed by National People’s Congress | Judicial: Supreme People's Court (340 judges), along with subordinate courts with higher, immediate, district, and county levels | Political Parties: Chinese Communist Party
16: Economy: World's largest exporter, been shifting from a more planned system to a more market oriented economy, communist governmental state however | Top Imports: electrical/other machinery, oil and mineral fuels, nuclear reactor, boiler, machinery components, motor vehicles, soybeans Top Exports: electrical and other machinery, including data processing equipment, apparel, radio telephone handsets, textiles, integrated circuits
17: History: Series of dynasties, followed by The Republic period which modeled western governmental structures, but as of 1949 the Communist structure has held strong
18: GREECE | Constitution: many previous, latest entered into force 1975 & was amended last in 2013
19: Federal System: Parliamentary Republic | Legislative: Unicameral; hellentic parilemtn or vouli ton ellinon | Executive: Chief of State- President Karolos Papoulias; Head of Government- Prime Minster Antonis Smaras; Cabinet- appointed by the president on the recommendation of the prime minster | Judiciary: Hghest court is Hellenic Supreme Court of Civil and Penal Law (56 judges), lower courts include supreme administrative court, courts of appeal, courts of first instance, court of auditors
20: Political Parties: anticapitalist left cooperation for the overthrow, coalition of the radical left, communist party, democratic left, ecologist greens, golden dawn, independent greeks, new democracy, panhellenic socialist movement, popular orthodox rally | History: One of the oldest civilizations; the great greek empire reigned, many take overs including the ottoman empire, etc. in 1975 however the rule by president/prime minster was put into place.
21: Economy: Capitalist economy with a public sector; tourism is a great leader in the economy (15%) | Top Imports: machinery, transport equipment, fuels, chemicals | Top Exports: food and beverages, manufactured goods, petroleum products, chemicals, textiles
22: Citations | CHINA. Photography. Encyclopdia Britannica ImageQuest. Web. 31 Mar 2014. http://quest.eb.com/images/138_1108590 Greece, . Photography. Encyclopdia Britannica ImageQuest. Web. 31 Mar 2014. http://quest.eb.com/images/165_3340563 UK. Photograph. Encyclopdia Britannica ImageQuest. Web. 31 Mar 2014. http://quest.eb.com/images/118_811573 United States. CIA. Print.