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LITERARY ANALYSIS OF TKAM

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FC: MY LITERARY ANALYSIS OF TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD | BY:BRENT FARRELL

1: TABLE OF CONTENTS | SETTING 2-3 POINT OF VIEW 4-5 CONFLICT 6 CHARACTERS 7-8 SYMBOLS 9 THEMES 10 REFLECTION 11

2: SETTING (PART 1, SUMMARY, QUOTES, AND EXPLANATION) | TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD TAKES PLACE IN THE SMALL TOWN OF MAYCOMB IN THE MID 1930s. FEW PEOPLE COME AN GO IN THIS TOWN. ALTHOUGH THE CIVIL WAR IS IN THE PAST, RACISM AND SEGREGATION IS STILL PRESENT, AND WITH THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT BARELY BEING SEEN IN THE FUTURE, THE SMALL TOWN OF MAYCOMB IS NOT SEEN TO BE CHANGED ANYTIME SOON. | "MAYCOMB WAS AN OLD TOWN, BUT IT WAS A TIRED OLD TOWN WHEN I FIRST KNEW IT" (LEE 6) | "...THE STREETS TURNED INTO RED SLOP; GRASS GREW ON THE SIDEWALKS, THE COURTHOUSE SAGGED IN THE SQUARE." (LEE 6) | "PEOPLE MOVED SLOWLY THEN. THEY AMBLED ACROSS THE SQUARE, SHUFFLED IN AND OUT OF THE STORES AROUND IT, TOOK THEIR TIME ABOUT EVERYTHING... THERE WAS NO HURRY, FOR THERE WAS NOWHERE TO GO, NOTHING TO BUY AND NO MONEY TO BUY IT WITH, NOTHING TO SEE OUTSIDE THE BOUNDARIES OF MAYCOMB COUNTY." (LEE 6) | THE SETTING OF TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD EXPLAINS HOW THE CHARACTERS DONT HAVE A HUGE SENSE OF REAL URGENCY. THE CHILDREN USE THEIR IMAGINATION TO MAKE UP FOR THE FEW RESOURSES THEY ARE GIVEN, AS PEOPLE DO TODAY IN THE MODERN TIMES. PEOPLE KEEP TO THEMSELVES, ANDCHILDREN ARE KEPT OUT OF THE FEW REAL WORLD CONFLICTS. MOST CONFLISCTS IN WHICH THE CHILDREN ARE INVOLVED IN ARE CAUSED MAINLY BY AN OVERUSE OF IMAGINATION AND CREATIVITY, WHICH WAS REQUIRED IN THIS TIME TO KEEP THEM ENTERTAINED.

3: IN THE SCOTTSBORO TRIALS, A GROUP OF AFRICAN AMERICAN MEN AND 2 WHITE WOMEN WERE CAUGHT ILLEGALLY TRAVELING ON A TRAIN. THE WHITE WOMEN ACCUSED THE AFRICAN AMERICAN MEN OF ATTEMPTING TO RAPE THEM. THE MEN WERE ROPED AND TAKEN TO SCOTTSBORO, ALABAMA, GIVING THE AFRICAN AMERICANS THE NAME OF THE SCOTTSBORO BOYS. | SIMILARITIES 1. CHILDREN USE IMAGINATION AND CREATIVITY TO ENTERTAIN THEMSELVES THROUGH THE DAY 2. CHILDREN ARE AFRAID TO GO OUTSIDE, AS FEAR OF THE DARK STILL LINGERS IN THEIR YOUNG AGE. 3. CHILDREN ASK ADULTS MANY QUESTIONS, AS THE ARE CURIOUS OF THINGS THEY HAVE LITTLE KNOWLEDGE OF. 4. ADULTS HAVE CONFLICTS AT WORK THAT ARE BROUGHT BACK TO HOME AT TIMES | SETTING (PART 2, SUMMARY OF SCOTTSBORO TRIAL AND SIMILARITIES TO MODERN DAY EVENTS)

4: TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD IS SET IN FIRST PERSON, NARRATED BY SCOUT FINCH. | "WHEN ATTICUS LOOKED DOWN AT ME I SAW THE EXPRESSION IN HIS FACE THAT ALWAYS MADE ME EXPECT SOMETHING" (LEE 41) | SCOUT FINCH, THE NARRATOR, IS A SMALL TOWN GIRL FROM MAYCOMB. SHE ATTENDS GRADE SCHOOLAND SPENDS NEARLY ALL OF HER FREE TIME FOLLOWING HER OLDER BROTHER JEM AROUND, USING THEIR IMAGINATION TO HELP PASS THE TIME. THE AUTHOR CHOSE TO USE THIS CHARACTER'S POINT OF VIEW TO SHOW HOW CHILDREN KNEW LITTLE OF WHAT REALLY HAPPENED AT THIS TIME AND HOW THEY USED THEIR IMAGINATION AND CREATIVITY TO HELP THEM MAKE ASSUMPTIONS OF WHAT COULD BE HAPPENING | POINT OF VIEW (PART 1, POINT OF VIEW AND DESCRIPTION OF NARRATOR)

5: When I got back to school, I was told to go play outside with Scout, as I am accustomed to. But today was unusual. She came to me chewing something in her mouth. “Where did you get that?” I asked as she walked up closer to me. She told me she got the gum from the hole in the side of the tree in front of the Radley place. I yelled at her to spit it out. “Don't you know you're not supposed to even touch the trees over there? You'll get killed if you do!” I told her to go inside and gargle. She's my little sister and I couldn't risk her getting sick and dying. I wish she would be more careful around the Radley place. | POINT OF VIEW (PART 2, FROM JEMS POINT OF VIEW)

6: CONFLICT | SCOUT VS AUNT ALEXANDRA BECAUSE AUNT ALEXANDRA THINKS THAT SCOUT SHOULD ACT MORE LIKE A LADY RATHER THAN DRESSING AND BEHAVING LIKE A BOY. MAN VS MAN. EXTERNAL | ATTICUS FINCH VS HIMSELF BECAUSE ATTICUS DECIDES WHETHER OR NOT TO GIVE UP ON THE TOM ROBINSON TRIAL OR KEEP DEFENDING HIM AND TAKING HIM TO COURT. MAN VS SELF. INTERNAL | TOM ROBINSON VS THE TOWN OF MAYCOMB BECAUSE EVERYONE BELIEVES THAT TOM ROBINSON RAPED MAYELLA EWELL AND THEY DONT LIKE HIM BECAUSE OF IT. MAN VS SOCIETY. EXTERNAL

7: CHARACTERS | DYNAMIC: JEM IS THE OLDER BROTHER OF SCOUT FINCH AND THE SON OF ATTICUS FINCH. IN THE BEGINNING OF THE STORY, HE LIKES TO HANGOUT WITH HIS YOUNGER SISTER AND PLAY WITH HER, BUT AS THE STORY PROGRESSES, HE BECOMES OLDER AND FEELS MORE OF A MAN AND THINKS HE SHOULD NOT DO AS MUCH CHILDISH THINGS. SCOUT IS THE YOUNGER SISTER OF JEM FINCH AND THE DAUGHTER OF ATTICUS FINCH. IN THE BEGINNING OF THE STORY, SCOUT DOES NOT KNOW MUCH THAT GOES ON WITH HER FATHER AND HIS WORK LIFE, SO SHE DOES NOT HAVE AN OPINION ON THE MATTER, BUT AS THE STORY PROGRESSES, SHE SLOWLY LEARNS ABOUT WHAT HE DOES AND WHAT HE IS DEFENDING, AND SHE DEVELOPS AN OPINION ON SEGREGATION AND HER FATHERS WORK LIFE. | STATIC ATTICUS IS THE FATHER OF SCOUT AND JEM FINCH. THROUGHOUT THE WHOLE STORY, ATTICUS FIGHTS ALONGSIDE TOM ROBINSON IN A STAND AGAINST SEGREGATION. NIETHER HIS OPINION OR ATTITUDE CHANGE IN ANYWAY THROUGHOUT THE WHOLE STORY. CALPURNIA IS THE MAID THAT WORKS AT ATTICUS FINCH'S HOUSEHOLD. SHE DOES ALL THE CHORES IN THE HOUSE AND TAKES CARE OF ATTICUS' CHILDREN, SCOUT AND JEM. THROUGHOUT THE WHOLE STORY CALPURNIA DOES WHAT SHE CAN TO HELP OUT ATTICUS AND TAKE CARE OF JEM AND SCOUT. HER ATTITUDE TOWARDS THE CHILDREN IS ALWAYS STERN, BUT WITH GOOD INTENTIONS.

8: CHARACTERS | ROUND SCOUT IS THE YOUNGER SISTER OF JEM FINCH AND THE DAUGHTER OF ATTICUS FINCH. SCOUT IS THE NARRATOR OF THE STORY, SO SHE IS A LARGE PART IN THE WHOLE STORY AND IS MANTIONED AND EXPLAINED OFTEN THROUGHOUT IT, MAKING HER A ROUND CHARACTER. JEM IS THE OLDER BROTHER OF SCOUT FINCH AND THE SON OF ATTICUS FINCH. JEM IS MENTIONED VERY OFTEN THROUGHOUT THE STORY, AND SPECIFIC DETAILS ARE MENTIONED TO DESCRIBE HIM AS A ROUND CHARACTER. HIS THOUGHTS AND ACTIONS ARE MENTIONED THROUGHOUT THE STORY AS WELL. | FLAT BOO RADLEY LIVES NEXT TO THE FINCH'S ANDCOMES OUT OF HIS HOUSE RARELY. SPECIFIC DETAILS OF BOO ARE NEVER MADE, AS THE CHARACTERS KNOW VERY LITTLE ABOUT HIM, AND THEY ARE FORCED TO ASSUME DETAILS ABOUT HIM USING THEIR IMAGINATION. NATHAN RADLEY LIVES NEXT TO THE FINCH'S ALONG WITH BOO. HE IS MENTIONED RARELY THROUGHOUT THE BOOK AND FEW DETAILS ARE USED TO DESCRIBE HIM. THE MAIN CHARACTERS DO MEET HIM A COUPLE TIMES DURING THE STORY, BUT NOT ENOUGH TO DEPICT HIM AS A ROUND CHARACTER

9: SYMBOLS | THE TITLE OF TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD SIGNIFIES HOW PEOPLE SHOULD NOT BE TREATED FAIRLY IF THEY HAVE DONE NOTHING WRONG. IN THEBOOK, ATTICUS TELLSJEM NOT TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD, AS MOCKINGBIRDS DO NOTHING WRONG AND HARM NOTHING. JUST AS MOCKINGBIRDS SHOULDNT BE PERSECUTED, HUMANS SHOULD NOT EITHER IF THERE IS NO REASON. TOM ROBINSON IS SHOWN AS A MOCKINGBIRD, AS HE HAS DONE NOTHING WRONG IN THE BOOK, SO IT SHOULD BE CONSIDERED A SIN TO TREAT HIM UNFAIRLY FOR DOING NOTHING WRONG. ANOTHER PERSON THAT CAN BE DEPICTED AS A MOCKINGBIRD IS BOO RADLEY. EVERYONE SEES BOO AS A BAD AND SCARY PERSON THAT HAS ATTEMPTED TO KILL MEMBERS OF HIS FAMILY, WHEN REALLY HE JUST KEEPS TO HIMSELF AND DOES NOTHING WRONG TO OTHER PEOPLE. A THIRD PERSON THAT COULD BE SEEN AS MOCKINGBIRD IS THE MIXED CHILDREN, AS THEY ARE SEEN AS UNEQUAL IN THE EYES OF THE PUBLIC, BUT THEY HAVE DONE NOTHING WRONG AND HARMED NO ONE.

10: THEMES | ONE THEME THAT COULD BE PULLED FROM THE STORY IS THAT YOU SHOULD NOT HURT ANYONE OR ANYTHING THAT DOES OR DID NOTHING WRONG. ATTICUS TOLD JEM WHEN HE WANTED TO SHOOT BIRDS THAT IT WAS A SIN TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD, AS TEY DO NOTHINGWRONG TO ANYONE, JUST MAKE MUSIC FOR PEOPLE TO ENJOY. THISPROVES THAT ATTICUS BELIEVES IT IS A SIN TO HURT PEOPLE OR THINGS THAT DO NOTHING WRONG TO ANYONE. PEOPLE TODAY COULD USE THIS THEME AND TRY NOT TO HURT PEOPLE THAT DO NOTHING WRONG TO OTHERS. | ANOTHER THEME THAT COULD BE USED IS THAT SOMEONE RACE SHOULD NOT BE USED AGAINST THEM. IN THE BOOK, ATTICUS DEFENDS TOM ROBINSON BECAUSE HE KNOW HE DID NOTHING WRONG TO HURT ANY OF THE EWELLS. EVERYONE ELSE, INCLUDING THE EWELLS, TREAT TOM ROBINSON BADLY AND ASSUME HE WAS THE ONE THAT HURT THE EWELL GIRL BECAUSE OF HIS RACE. ATTICUS DOES NOT TREAT TOM ROBINSON ANY DIFFERENT THEN ANYONE ELSE. THIS COULD BE USED IN TODAYS WORLD BECAUSE EVEN THOUGH SEGREGATION IS WEAKER, IT IS STILL IN TODAYS WORLD AND SHOULD BE STOPPED. | A FINAL THEME THAT CAN BE MADE FROM THIS STORY IS THAT CHILDREN WILL BE CHILDREN AND YOU SHOULD LEARN FROM YOUR MISTAKES. IN THE BOOK JEM AND SCOUT ALWAYS MESS WITH THE RADLEYS AND THEIR HOUSE NO MATTER HOW MUCH ATTICUS TELLS THEM NOT TO. IN REAL LIFE, KIDS SEEM TO DO CHILDISH THINGS AND THEY TEND TO MAKE MISTAKES AND LEARN FROM THEM. PEOPLE COULD NOT LEARN AND GET BETTER WITHOUT FIRST MAKING A MISTAKE.

11: REFLECTION | TO KILL A MOCKINGBIRD IS AN OVERALL GOOD CLASSIC STORY OF HOW LIFE USED TO BE WHEN SEGREGATION WAS STILL A BIG ISSUE. ONE OF MY LEAST FAVORITE PARTS OF THE STORY WAS WHEN MS. MAUDIES HOUSE BURNT DOWN. I FEEL LIKE THAT PART WAS UNNEEDED AND HELD NO SIGNIFICANCE IN THE STORY. THE STORY I BELIEVE WAS MADE MORE INTERESTING BY MAKING IT FROM A CHILD'S POINT OF VIEW. THE STORY WAS MADE MORE INTERESTING THIS WAY AND ADDED CREATIVITY TO THE STORY AS A WHOLE BY BEING IN A CHILDS OPINIONATED CHARACTER. BUT ALL TOGETHER THE STORY WAS VERY INTERESTING AND SHOWS HOW LIFE WAS FOR PEOPLE THAT LIVED DURING THOSE TIMES.

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  • Title: LITERARY ANALYSIS OF TKAM
  • BY BRENT FARRELL
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  • Published: over 5 years ago