FC: Marc Chagall & Raoul Dufy
1: Marc Chagall
2: the life.
3: 1887 | - Marc Chagall was born on July 7th 1887 in his hometown of Vitebsk, Russia in a neighborhood inhabited by Jews of modest background. - His birth name was Movcha (Moses), he called himself Marc when he moved to Paris around 20 years old. - His father, Khatskel-Mordechai (Zahkar) Chagall was a hardworking assistant at a fish monger's. He was a very serious man and devouted to his Jewish religion. - His mother, Feiga-Ita Chernina was the picture perfect Jewish mother. She kept the family of 7 sisters, and 2 bothers together. She also ran a small haberdasher's shop (grocery store) and made decisions in all family matters including schooling.
4: - His parents were originally from Liozno, a village 25 miles or so from Vitebsk. - They are cousins, and marry in 1886. They moved to Vitebsk a few months later just before the birth of Marc, their first child. - After Marc was born, the family expanded rapidly. - Anna, born 1888 - David, born 1893 - Zina, born 1894 - Lisa, born 1896 - Maria, born 1900 - Rose, born 1901 - Mariaska, born 1902 - Rebecca, born 1905
5: - Chagall started his career off by taking a job retouching negatives for a photographer - He goes to St. Petersburg with no home or means to support himself, the money his father gave him won't last long. Yet he continues to work by retouching negatives. - Around the fall of 1909, Chagall was visiting his hometown when he met Bella Rosenfeld, while staying a friend's house. Bella is only 17 years old, the daughter of a rich merchant and owner of several jewelry shops. - In the spring of 1914 Chagall exhibits The Violinist, Motherhood, and Self-Portrait with Seven Fingers, at the Salon des independants. - Chagall's mother (his supporter of his art) passes away at the beginning of the summer, 1915. - On July 25th 1915, Marc and Bella celebrate their wedding.
6: The Violinist
7: Motherhood (Maternity)
8: Self Portrait with Seven Fingers
10: Raoul Dufy
11: The Life. | - Born on June 3rd 1877 in Le Havre, to a modest family with artistic tastes. - His parents had 9 children, 2 became painters, and 2 became musicians. His father played the organ around the house too. - His home was just outside the town and had a small garden. - Dufy was passionate about music, it was said that when he listened to an orchestra he closed his eyes and visualized the colors like crimson reds and rose that saturated his paintings. He was EXTREMELY influenced by music.
12: - He normally painted very cheerful canvases of parties in gardens, concerts, horse races, regattas and beach scenes through out the coast or Normandy. - His drawings were fluid full of vivid, bright colors. - He never failed to animate any scene. - One thing that was odd about him is that he drew with his LEFT hand. - Raoul proved that expressionism could be jovial and non violent. - He always used intense colors that had nothing to do with an object's true appearance and was often criticized on that. - When he was once accused of neglecting the natural appearance in his paintings he said, "Nature, my dear Sir, is only a hypothesis".
13: - In 1901 he first exhibited some of his artwork in the Salon des Artistes, the following year he moved up to the Salon des Intependants.
14: He also painted a Vanity Fair Magazine cover
18: Events | 1915: | Jan 13th - Earthquake in Avezzano Italy kills 29,800 Jan 25th - Alexander Graham Bell in NY calls Thomas Watson in SF Jan 30th - German submarine attack on Le Havre Feb 21st - World's Fair in SF opens Apr 22nd - 1st military use of poison gas (chlorine, by Germany) in WW I May 15th - A T & T becomes 1st corporation to have 1 million stockholders
19: Sources | http://www.historyorb.com/events/date/1915 http://www.guillonlaffaille.com/artistes/oeuvres/3385/Raoul-Dufy http://www.nouvellesimages.com http://www.abcgallery.com Mrs. Boutin's, Marc Chagall by San Francisco Museum of Modern Art book GHS Lbrary's book, Chagall by Werner Haftman