S: Mitosis vs Meiosis
BC: The End
FC: Mitosis vs Meiosis Claire Jessie
1: Mitosis vs Meiosis Claire Jessie
2: Interphase- Longest stage in the cell cycle in which the cell grows, carries out normal functions, and duplicates its DNA. It is the period between cell division
3: G1- First stage of Interphase; cell grows and preforms normal functions S- second stage of interphase; the cell's DNA is replicated G2- third stage of interphase; the cell prepares for Mitosis, organelles are copied
5: Prophase- the first and longest phase of Mitosis. The chromosomes-which are made of sister chromatids connected by a centromere- coil up, the centrioles move to the poles of the cell, the chromosomes attach to spindle fibers, and at the end, the nuclear membrane disappears.
7: Metaphase is the shortest phase of mitosis. The chromosomes line up at the equator of the cell and the centromeres- the things that connect the chromatids together that make up the chromosomes- attach to the spindle fibers.
9: Anaphase- the centromeres and the chromatids split apart and move on the spindle fibers toward the centrioles at the poles.
11: Telophase- the chromosomes reach the centrioles at poles. Each chromosome still consists of two sister chromatids that are connected by a centromere. The spindle fibers break down, the chromosomes uncoil and form two nuclei, the nuclear membrane reforms, and the cell then divides
13: Cytokinesis- the division of the cell's cytoplasm, makes 2 genetically identical diploid cells, is accomplished by a narrowing contractile ring that pinches the cells apart into two daughter cells
15: Meiosos- made up of two separate cell divisions, meiosis 1 and meiosis 2. Meiosis makes four haploid cells- which are cells with only one set of chromosomes.
16: MITOSIS VS MEIOSIS
17: Mitosis- goes through one cell division, the DNA of the cell is replicated so the number of chromosomes is the same as in the original cell, mitosis creates two genetically identical diploid cells | Meiosis- goes through two cell divisions, the number of chromosomes doubles during interphase, then is split in half during meiosis 1 and split in half again during meiosis 2, meiosis creates four haploid(or gamete) cells