FC: Native American History | By Emma Conkle
1: CHEROKEE CHIEF | SIOUAN BEADWORK
2: The Paleo, Archaic, and Eastern Woodland Indians had lots of technology advancements over the many years. Paleo Indians probably came here 15,000-18,000 years ago on the land bridge. The Archaic Indians had a more advanced lifestyle. They made an atlatl, which was a tool used for throwing spears. The Eastern Woodland Indians had an even more advanced lifestyle. They moved less because they were good farmers. Also, they invented the bow and arrow. The Eastern Woodland Indians were awesome potters and they traded. I learned a lot, did you?
4: There are three Virginia Indian language groups. These groups were determined and named by the languages they spoke. Their names are the Algonquian, Siouan, and the Iroquoian groups. Thirty-two out of forty tribes in the Algonquian group were the Powhatan tribe. You would find them in the Coastal Plain region. The Iroquoian were known for deer hunting. They lived in the Coastal Plain and Piedmont regions in longhouses. 80,000 of them still live in America today. The Souian lived in the Piedmont region. A tribe in their group called the Monacan were very good mound builders. They farmed, traded and hunted. I hope all of them still practice their native cultures today.
5: Algonquian wigwam
6: The lives of the Native Americans in Virginia have been and are still being influenced by the English coming to America. Five thousand Natives once lived in Virginia, but 90 percent were killed by diseases that were introduced by the English. And, today only two reservations are left in left in Virginia. The Federal Government still does not recognize the eight tribes in Virginia, so they can not get money. The Virginia Racial Integrity Act, a law passed in 1924 stated white and colored people could not get married. Also, their birth certificates were changed from their tribe's name to colored so they were impacted by this Act. Until 1963 Native Americans could not go to public school. Today public schools need to improve their teaching about Native people cultures. As you can see, the Natives of Virginia were very influenced by the English.
7: Native American Tribe Map
8: Virginia Governor Bob McDonnell declared November Native American History month. He signed a proclamation for each of the 11 state recognized tribes in Virginia, in which five are federally recognized. State and tribal governments are trying to work together to update the standards of learning in Virginia. The natural resources manager thinks we should partner with these 11 tribes and raise awareness of their present day lives. I think what the governor did was right.
9: Governor McDonnell with tribal members