FC: Megan Davenport 1st period River Valley Civilizations
1: Table of contents Page 2-3:Mesopotamia Page 3-4:Egypt Page 4-5:Indus Page 5-6:China
2: Mesopotamia It is between the Tigris and the Euphrates rivers. Two major city-states within Mesopotamia are Sumeria and Babylon. Hammurabi's code of 282 laws were very important to them. City-states were always at war with each other. It is now present day Iraq. After the floods there would be a lot of silt. They figured out 60 seconds is 1 minute. And that 360 degrees is a circle. Created arches, columns, ramps, and pyramid shape. Was the world's first empire.
4: Egypt Centered around the Nile River. Its surrounded by a desert. Egypt was ruled by pharaohs. It was a theocracy, meaning they thought the pharaohs were gods. They were also polytheistic, they believed in many gods. They used slaves, to build stuff (pyramids). They found out how to make papyrus (paper). Found a way to preserve their dead (mummification). Their writing system was hieroglyphics, which was a flexible writing system. They developed a calendar of 365 days per solar year, 12 months, with 30 days in each and 5 days for holidays and feasting.
6: Indus Between the Indus and the Ganges rivers. The cities were planned on grid systems. Beginning of the Hindu culture (polytheistic) Created the first plumbing systems. Created the first ever cities. About 400 symbols made up their language. No religious temples were ever found. Figures show what to be early representations of Shiva, a major Hindu god. Known as the Harappan Civilization. Their trading began in 2600 B.C. and ended about 1800 B.C.
8: China Had the first dynasties, the xia was their first dynasty. Between the yellow(huang he) and the yangtze rivers. Saw their cultures as center of the civilized world. The most important virture was respect for parents, and elder men controlled the families. They believed majorly around the mandate of heaven. A person needed to know at least 1500 characters to be barley literate. A true scholar needed to know at least 10,000 characters. A noble person's child learned to write. Shang kings talked to the gods through the use of bones, and shells. There were many battles between the Xia tribe and Chiyou's tribe.