S: River Valley Civilizations Sam Deason
FC: River Valley Civilizations | By:Sam Deason Mrs. Bartlett World History
1: Table of Contents pg.2 - 3: Ancient Mesopotamia pg.4 - 5: Ancient Egypt/Nile river Valley pg.6 - 7: Indus River Valley pg.8 - 9: Ancient Chinese River Valleys
2: - Not only were the Mesopotamians one of the first civilizations to use bronze, but the Mesopotamians also made things by casting bronze, gold, and copper to iron. - The Mesopotamians were polytheistic and believed in 13 or more gods. - Boxing and wrestling were commonly featured in art but hunting was a popular sport among the Assyrian kings. | - hough Sumer developed the first large-scale economy, the Babylonians developed the earliest systems of economics. - Each of the provinces of Assyria had its own governor that kept things working smoothly. - Mesopotamians used a system of writing called cuneiform. | -One common name among kings was Shepherd because a king has to watch over his people - One of the six kings, King Hammurabi, developed the Hammurabi code which was a list of 286 laws. - The name Babylonia Meant “gateway of the gods”. - The most recent ziggurat to be discovered the Chogha Zanbil ziggurat in Khuzestan.
4: -The garments that ancient Egyptians would wear marked that person’s social status. - Right behind Sumerian, Egypt has the longest history of any language. -The Ancient Egyptians form of writing were pictures on the wall called Hieroglyphs. - The Egyptians placed great value on hygiene and appearance. Most bathed in the Nile and the Egyptians used soap made from animal fat and chalk. | - The ancient Egyptians were one of the first civilizations to understand basic geometry and algebra. - The Egyptians believed that in order for the gods to help them in any way, the Egyptians had to please the gods with offerings. -The Egyptians had many kings and queens but one of the most famous queens is Queen Cleopatra. | - Not only were animals used for work, but they ha religious purposes also. - Egypt established trade with other countries in order to obtain god and other products. - A sistrum was a musical instrument that was important for its use in religious ceremonies.
6: - There were 1,052 cities and settlements in the Indus River Valley Civilization. - The area was mostly surrounded by desert but the rivers nearby kept the civilization thriving. - The Indus civilization’s economy depended very significantly on trade and the civilization kept discovering new ways to make trade and transportation easier. | - The progress of the civilization was split up into three parts: early, mature and late Harrapen. In the first two stages there were signs of great progression of the empire, but at the start of the third stage there were many signs of gradual decline. - The civilization had municipal governments and each town would get together and plan about the future. | - The civilization was one of the Bronze Age civilizations and they made a lot of bronze and gold statues and figurines. - The civilization had developed well over 400 characters and symbols for their written language. Some believe they had up to 600. - The farmers of the civilization were mainly growing and producing wheat and barley but little is known about their farming techniques.
7: - The people of the Indus River valley developed the first extensive plumbing system. - The natives were polytheistic and have a close connection with Hinduism.
8: -Ancient China had an emperor or empress who would rule the entire kingdom. - The civilizations used trade but they also developed a coinage system. -The civilizations used a feudalism system and in many cases what you wore defined what social class you were in. -The ancient Chinese focused on spirits and gave sacrifices to their ancestors. | -The Chinese had developed writing utensils, engineered useful items such as scissors, and had even invent some hydraulic systems in the later years. -In some areas of ancient China there were rivers that helped them to thrive as a civilization. - One ruler tried to stop all the flooding of the rivers because the floods would destroy crops and when he was successful he was praised. | -Since many of these civilizations were part of the Bronze Age their military was armed with bronze spears and other weaponry. -The Chinese made very detailed wooden buildings. They had the best buildings for the more wealthy and powerful of the citizens. -If you were a criminal they could legally cut of parts of your body as a punishment.