FC: The Power Loom
1: Created by: Alyssa Sorenson & Tess Prochazka
2: The people living in America thought that they were powerful because they were one of the leading economic and military powers in the world. The thought that their world was larger and more spacious. | These thoughts made Americans change their choices and actions. They started to expand westward and create a larger economy by establishing more businesses.
3: For people to succeed in the 1800's they had to know what other people wanted and needed. They had to think outside the box in order to create and/or improve on an invention. | Trading businesses found the power loom to be a benefit because the invention allowed wholesale manufacture of cloth from ginned cotton. Women also liked having the power loom because it gave them an economic opportunity. When the invention became efficient, women replaced most of the men in the factories.
5: The demand of cloth in the textile industry caused the power loom to be invented. The power loom made it possible to perform many steps in making cloth by machine. The invention also saved time and money. The power loom was invented by a reverend from Europe. His name was Edmund Cartwright. Edmund Cartwright was inspired to create the power loom because Sir Richard Arkwright's cotton spinning mills in 1784. The next year Edmund patented his first power loom and set up a factory in Doncaster, England. He invented it to improve the speed and quality of the loom and also to easier to operate by making it steam and water powered.
6: The workers did not support the power loom. They didn't support it because the power loom was very efficient and did most of the jobs that the workers did. So the workers got their wages cut and some even got fired. | The power loom caused making cloth to be faster and use less money because they did not have to have so many workers to run the machines as before.
7: The power loom significantly changed the world by having cloth be easier, faster, and more efficient to make. Since it was easier to make cloth now, it didn't take a man to operate a power loom. Women were now hired to operate power looms. The power loom affected future choice of the United States because they no longer had to choose to import cloth from England anymore because they now had the power loom that could make cloth efficiently.
8: Many people helped improve the power loom, including Francis Cabot Lowell and William Horrocks. Francis Cabot Lowell improved the power loom he created in America with the help of Paul Moody. William Horrocks added a more effective way of winding the woven cloth onto a beam at the back of the loom and a variable speed button.
9: Although the power loom has had adjustments made to make it work more efficiently, the modern power loom still has some things that are the same as when the power loom was invented. It still has the basic principles of spinning and weaving.
10: People who make cloth all over the world have benefited from the invention of the power loom because it gives them a less expensive, easier, and more effective way of making cloth. It lets them produce a larger quantity of their product. This allows them to get a larger profit for their work. | However, some workers did not benefit from the power loom. Since the machines made work easier, it took less workers to create cloth. This resulted in workers being laid off and reduced wages.
11: The power loom is similar to a rapier-type weaving machine. They both are mechanical machines that weave thread into cloth.
12: The original power loom is different from the modern power loom. Today, instead of being steam powered, it is now electrically operated. It also runs faster and more efficient.
13: The invention of the power loom tells us that in the 1800's people wanted to invent machines to help with everyday life. People wanted to try to make life as simple as they could. So they invented machines to help. Then they would try to improve on the machines and make them more efficient.