S: American Renaissance
BC: Elizabeth Bailey English 491
FC: American Renaissance | Tra | Tran | Transcendentalism
1: Emerson | Ralph Waldo Emerson
2: Transendentalism | What is | Ralph Waldo Emerson founded Transcendental Club in 1836.
3: Emerson attempted to define the philosophy in simple terms as "What is popularly called Transcendentalism among us, is Idealism; Idealism as it appears in 1842." In reality it was far more complex collection of beliefs: that the spark of divinity lies within man; that everything in the world is a microcosm of existence; that the individual soul is identical to the world soul, or Over-Soul
4: Three authors from the American Renaissance Period Ralph Waldo Emerson Henry David Thoreau Nathanial Hawthorne
5: Emerson | Thoreau | Hawthorne
6: 1803 - 1882 | Emerson was born in Boston, Massachusetts in 1803. He was a lecturer, essayist and poet. He lead the way for the Transcendentalist beliefs that was so popular during the American Renaissance era. Emerson became a good friend and mentor to Thoreau and introduced him to other influential writers of their time.
7: Some Major Works The American Scholar Literary Ethics Men The Reformer The Transcendentalist Self- Reliance Spiritual Laws Emerson's writing achievements were too many to list.
8: Thoreau's books pertained to his personal experiences of spending time in nature in Walden Woods and on the Concord & Merrimack Rivers. Thoreau's essays were written about his opposition to the Mexican War and slavery. Thoreau supported John Brown efforts to stop slavery. | 1817 -1862
9: Major Works A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers Walden Resistance to Civil Government Slavery in Massachusetts A Plea for Captain John Brown Journal - upon his death was published in 20 volumes.
10: Hawthorne | College friends of Hawthorne were Henry Wadsworth Longfellow and Franklin Pierce. In 1842 he became friends with Emerson and Thoreau and through them met his wife Sophia Peabody. | 1804 -1864
11: Major Works The Scarlet Letter House of Seven Gables The Blithedale Romance Hawthorne learned that it was important to look back at his family history and embrace it, come to terms with it and live in peace with it.
12: The American Renaissance started in the 1820's and ran till the late 1800's. Transcendentalism pushed many authors to produce masterpieces through questioning, self-evaluation, and participating in being a non-conformist to their society. Many things were taking place during this time period. Industrial revolution, Government control over the west and social issues of slavery and fair treatment to the Native Americans.
13: Western Expansion Slavery Wars
15: American Transcendentalism Web. (n.d.). Henry David Thoreau Biography. Retrieved from http://www.vcu.edu/engweb/transcendentalism/authors/thoreau/ Reuben, Paul P. "Chapter 3: Nineteenth Century to 1865 - Nathaniel Hawthorne." PAL: Perspectives in American Literature- A Research and Reference Guide. WWWURL:http://web.csustan.edu/english/reuben/pal/chap3/hawthorne.html (provide page date or date of your login). RWE Institute. (n.d.). The Complete Works of Ralph Waldo Emerson. Retrieved from http:// American Transcendentalism Web. (n.d.). Henry David Thoreau Biography. Retrieved from http://www.vcu.edu/engweb/transcendentalism/authors/thoreau/