FC: Survey of the Brain
1: In this tome, we will provide an overview of the anatomy of the brain. a neuron and the functions of their parts.
2: Cerebrum | The Cerebrum allows us to execute voluntary physical actions
3: The Corpus Callosum is the fiberous bridge between the two hemispheres of the brain | Corpus Callosum
4: Thalamus | Hypothalamus | The Thalamus sends signals of physical sensation and motor function to the cerebral cortex. The hypothalamus regulates hormones and controls automatic body functions like hunger, thirst, and body temperature.
5: Amygdala | Pituitary Gland | The Amygdala's key function is to process memories and emotional reactions. The pituitary gland emits hormones to regulate homeostasis
6: Hippocampus | The Hippocampus is the part of the brain that converts short term memory into long term memory.
7: Pons | Medulla | The Pons (Pons Verolli) sends sensory messages between the forebrain and the cerebellum that relate to functions like sleep, respiration and swallowing. | The Medulla (Medulla Oblongota) also helps regulate automatic nervous system processes like respiration, heart rate and blood presure.
8: Reticular Formation | Spinal Cord | The Spinal Cord sends signals from the brain to the rest of the body The Reticular Formation is in charge of wake and sleep cycles, filtering out unimportant stimuli
9: Cerebellum | The Cerebellum helps with control and precision of motor movement and additionally assists with memory, language, and emotional responses
10: The Neuron | Dendrites | Soma | Dendrites conduct electrochemical impulses through which neurons communicate with each other | The Soma is the body at the end of the Neuron which contains the nucleus and the dendrites.
11: Myelin Sheath | Axon | The Axon transmits electrical messages away from the soma to other neurons | The Myelin Sheath is a membranous cover that insulates the electric messages passed between neurons.
12: Terminal Buttons & Synapses | Terminal Buttons are send the messages from one neuron to the next | Synapses are the spaces between the Terminal Buttons for neurotransmitters to transfer the messages between neurons
13: Try to label the parts of the brain discussed in the book.
14: Try to label the parts of the neuron discussed in the book.