S: Caleb Senior Trip. to Europe, 2008
BC: 12,278 miles by air; 260 miles by train; 938 miles by car; 6 cathedrals; 1 palace; 1 castle; 1 cemetery; 1 opera house; tons of stained glass; 3 gelatos; 6 thick hot chocolates; 1 schnitzel; 1 GPS to entertain Caleb; 1 meal on Champs Elysee; 1 pink dog and Michael Jackson; 2 LDS missionaries; some cows; several crepes; 2 rides up the Eiffel Tower; a terrifying drive around the Arc de Triomphe; and one trip of a lifetime!
FC: Caleb Senior Trip to Europe, 2008
1: Caleb Senior Trip, October, 2008. Caleb wanted to visit European cathedrals...6 in all, plus a couple of castles, too! After an overnight flight from Phoenix to Philadelphia on US Airways, Marvin, Linda, and Caleb Richards spent several hours at the airport before boarding our all night flight to Milan, Italy. From Milan, we took a train to Austria, where we rented a car and drove to Germany. From Germany, we flew standby on Air France to Paris. We rented another car and drove through the French countryside for more cathedrals, a visit to Normandy, and ending in Paris!
2: Duomo, Milan, Italy
3: In Milan, we took a train to the Duomo (Cathedral). Built in 1386, it is the 4th largest cathedral in the world. Napoleon was crowned King of Italy here. Unique since you can climb 463 stairs (or take an elevator like Linda!) and walk on the roof! Over 3000 statues! On the square out front, we enjoyed Gelato, and many locals wanting money to take our pictures.
5: On the rooftop!
6: Caleb took hundreds of architectural photos throughout the trip! The Duomo was his favorite.
8: The Duomo at night. Atop the main spire is a golden laminated statue of the Madonna. Interior has the tallest stained glass windows in Europe depicting stories from the Bible. | Milan
10: Around the city of Milan, we visit the Galleria Mall and the world's top fashion designer shops such as Prada and Versace. In addition to McDonald's, we enjoyed very thick and dark hot chocolate, and ate at a neighborhood cafe where the food was microwaved and still cold!
11: Napoleon | Leonardo | Our modern hotel
12: Train ride from Milan, Italy to Innsbruck, Austria. We met a Canadian couple, and wonderful old Italian man! Using the bathroom onboard was quite an experience! At our hotel, Caleb sampled, and loved eating Schnitzel! | The Alps | (as seen from the train)
14: Neuschwanstein Castle
16: Neuschwanstein Castle (new swan castle) was the inspiration for Disney's Sleeping Beauty's Castle! We took a horse drawn carriage ride up to the castle. Built in 1869 by King Ludwig ll of Bavaria (aka the Fairy Tale King). No photos allowed inside. Then a long (but beautiful) walk back down the mountain. Photo below is Hohenschwangau Castle where King Ludwig ll grew up before moving into Neuschwanstein.
18: Beautiful German countryside as seen from a window in Neuschwanstein Castle.
19: After leaving Neuschwanstein, we drove to Regensburg, Germany. Interior of the Dom St. Peter in Regensburg, Germany, known for it's medieval stained glass. The cathedral has nearly 100 images of St. Peter. Below, stained glass of St. Peter, and statue of a smiling angel Gabriel. | St. Peter | Angel Gabriel
20: Regensburg is one of the best preserved medieval towns in Germany. Narrow cobblestone streets, quaint shops, and the Dom St. Peter Cathedral (built in 1275) just across from our hotel in the city center. It was cold and rainy. We ate a delicious dinner at a Thai restaurant. The stone bridge over the Danube was built in 1135. Knights of the Crusade crossed it on the way to the Holy Land.
21: Hotel KaiserHof, our quaint home away from home. We ate breakfast in the basement, an old chapel. From Germany, we flew to France.
22: Versailles | Palace of
24: Versailles, (1624), was home to several Kings of France, including King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette. Caleb and mom in the hall of mirrors. | The Kings bed | King Louis XVI
27: Much to Caleb's dismay, Versailles was being used as an art gallery of modern art during our visit. However, original paintings and carvings of marble were still impressive!
28: The Queen's bedchamber, where Marie Antoinette escaped a Paris mob through a secret door. Linda and Marvin at the King's bedchamber.
29: Caleb and Linda in front of Marie Antoinette's apartments. Painting is of Marie and her children.
30: Chartres Cathedral (1145) at Chartres, France, is Gothic with well preserved 12th century stained glass. Above, carvings represent the entire New Testament. We enjoyed strolling the narrow streets of Chartres.
31: We parked and had to walk quite a ways uphill through narrow streets! Leaving the town, we stopped to eat at McDonalds. Very much like in the states, but no free refills, and everyone jumped at the chance to try out their English and wait on the Americans! | Chartres, France
32: Mont St. Michel
34: Mont St. Michel (708AD) is a fortified abbey. It has been a Monastery and prison.
35: After walking up the causeway, which is sometimes under water, we entered through the drawbridge, and followed the upward spiraling street lined with shops and restaurants. We ran into two Mormom missionaries there with a French family, and enjoyed lunch on a restaurant terrace.
36: Caleb in the Abbey. Marvin and Caleb sit in the rectory where the monks would eat and study in silence. Opposite page, giant wheels the monks would walk around in to raise food and supplies up from the ground level. In center is replica of Archangel Michael which tops the Abbey spire in gold.
38: Monk's Cloister Garden
39: Cathedral at Rouen
41: Rouen Cathedral was built in 1202 and includes the tomb of Richard the Lionheart. Monet enjoyed painting the cathedral. Joan of Arc was burned at the stake in Rouen in 1431. We couldn't find parking, so did a tag team, taking turns viewing and taking photos of the cathedral.
42: Overlooking Omaha Beach from the American Cemetery. 9,387 are buried at the cemetery. Very beautiful, yet somber.
44: Disney subway posters in Italy and France. Disney store on Champs Elysees in Paris!
45: Caleb alongside the River Seine | P A R l S | A rescue on the river | Metro entrance
46: The Paris Opera House is the setting for "Phantom of the Opera". The Grand staircase is the site of "Masquerade". | "Masquerade"
48: Paris Opera House | Home of "Phantom"
49: Arc de Triomphe as seen from atop the Eiffel Tower. The Eiffel Tower was begun in 1884 as part of the World's Fair. 1665 steps to the top, but we took the elevator! The best crepes in Paris are across the street with Nutella and Chantilly (whip cream)! | Eiffel
51: Paris | ...at night! | Eiffel Tower is lit up with thousands of sparkling lights! Arc de Triomphe (Arch of Triumph, 1806) stands at the end of the Champs Elysees. Marvin actually drove around the world's largest round- about. It was not planned, and we seriously thought we would die, with cars coming at us from all directions!
52: Notre Dame Cathedral
53: Notre Dame Cathedral, (1163) and home to the Crown of Thorns. We were able to see a Catholic service in Latin while visiting.
54: Rose Window | A Priest performs mass | Scale model | Beautiful interior