FC: Comparative Governments
1: Danielle Dacanay 4th block
2: Current constitution adopted in 1788 | Federal system of government with limited power | Chief of State President Barack Obama | The United States
3: The US has a mixed/market-oriented economy. It is known to be the largest and most technologically powerful economy in the world. | Top Imports: Industrial supplies, crude oil, capital goods (computers, telecommunications equipment), and consumer goods | Economy | Top Exports: Capital goods (transistors, aircraft, motor vehicle parts, computers, telecommunications equipment), industrial supplies (organic chemicals), consumer goods (automobiles, medicine)
4: Major Political Parties Democratic Republican Libertarian Green Party
5: Executive | Legislative | Judicial | President Obama serves as the head of the government and chief of state. The president's cabinet is appointed by the president with Senate approval. | Bicamerial Congress consists of the Senate, with 100 seats, and the House of Representatives, with 435 seats. | The US Supreme Court consists of 9 justices (1 chief justice and 8 associate justices. Subordinate courts include Courts of Appeal and federal district courts.
6: After undergoing abuses of power from various groups which led to wars such as the American Revolution and the Civil War, the current U.S. government is a limited federal system with separation of powers and checks and balances in order to prevent any body in government from gaining more power over others. As a result from being under the control of Great Britain, many aspects of America’s government, such as Rule of Law and Consent of the Governed, delineates from English documents and philosophers. | History's effects on Government
7: Works Cited Central Intelligence Agency, ed. The World Factbook. N.p.: n.p., n.d. The World Factbook - CIA. Web. 30 Mar. 2014.
8: The United Kingdom | Unitary system of limited government with an unwritten constitution
9: The Executive branch consists of Chief of State Queen Elizabeth II, Head of Government Prime Minister David Cameron, and the Cabinet of Ministers (appointed by the prime minister). | The Legislative branch exists as the bicameral Parliament, which consists of the House of Lords and the House of Commons House of Lords: 780 seats House of Commons: 650 seats | The Judiciary branch is represented by the Supreme Court, which consists of 12 justices including the court president and the deputy president. Subordinate Courts include Court of Appeal, High Court, Crown Court, and county courts. | Major Political Parties | Conservative, Alliance Party, Democratic Unionists Party, Labor Party, Liberal Democrats, Party for Wales, Scottish National Party, Sinn Fein, Social Democratic and Labor Party, Ulster Unionist Party, United Kingdom Independent Party
10: The United Kingdom has a mixed economy, which is the third largest economy in Europe after Germany and France. | Leading trading power and financial center | Top Exports: Manufactured goods, fuels, chemicals, foods, beverages, tobacco
11: Top Imports: Manufactured goods, machinery, fuels, foodstuffs
12: History's effects on Government | SInce the United Kingdom's government acts without a written constitution, the basis of the government stems from tradition.
13: Works Cited Andre Rosindell. UK Flag. Rosindell. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2014.
14: Current constitution adopted in 1917 | Federal system of government with limited power | Mexico
15: Mexico has a free market economy that contains a mixture of modern and outmoded industry and agriculture. | Top Imports: Metalworking machines, steel mill products, agricultural machinery, electrical equipment, car parts for assembly repair parts for motor vehicles, aircraft, and aircraft parts | Economy | Top Exports: Manufactured goods, oil and oil products, silver, fruits, vegetables, coffee, and cotton
16: President Enrique Pena Nieto serves as Mexico's chief of state and head of government. The cabinet is appointed by the president, and the appointment of attorney general, the head of the Bank of Mexico, and senior treasury officials require consent of the Senate. | The bicameral national Congress consists of the Senate, which holds 128 seats, and the Chamber of Deputies, which holds 500 seats. | The Supreme Court of Justice consists of 21 ministers, or judges, and five supernumerary judges. Subordinate courts include the Electoral Tribunal circuit, collegiate and unitary courts, and state level and district level courts. | Executive | Legislative | Judicial
17: Major Political Parties Citizen’s Movement, Institutional Revolutionary Party, Labor Party, Mexican Green Ecological Party, National Action Party, New Alliance Party, Party of the Democratic Revolution
18: History's effects on Government | Early on, Mexico was conquered and colonized by Spain. However, the current government of Spain is described as parliamentary. Therefore, the claim of independence from Spain significantly changed their form of government. Mexico's current form of government closely resembles the U.S., which could imply that the influence with trade from the U.S. could also affect the structure of government.
19: Works Cited Central Intelligence Agency, ed. The World Factbook. N.p.: n.p., n.d. The World Factbook - CIA. Web. 30 Mar. 2014.
20: Current constitution adopted in 1982 | Unitary system of government with limited power | China
21: China moved from a command economy to a market-oriented economy in the late 1970s. China became the world's largest exporter in 2010, allowing its economy to play a major global role. | Top Imports: Electrical and other machinery, oil and mineral fuels, nuclear reactor, boiler, and machinery components, optical and medical equipment, metal ores, motor vehicles, and soybeans | Economy | Top Exports: Electrical and other machinery, including data processing equipment, apparel, radio telephone handsets, textiles, and integrated circuits
22: The only political party that has power in China is the Chinese Communist Party.
23: President Xi Jingping serves as Chief of State and Premier Li Kequiang serves as Head of Government. The State Council, which represents the executive branch, is appointed by the National People's Congress. | The unicameral National People's Congress holds 2,987 seats. Members are elected by municipal, regional, and provincial people's congresses. | The Supreme People's Court consists of over 340 judges including the chief justice. Considering the large size, 13 grand justices are organized into a civil committee and tribunals for civil, economic, administrative, complaint and appeal, and communication and transportation cases. | Executive Branch | Legislative branch | Judicial Branch | **The military, known as the People's Liberation Army, plays a large role in the government as well as the main three branches.
24: History's effects on Government | After World War II, communists under Mao Zedong established an autocratic socialist system, which imposed strict controls over everyday life--transitioning into their current communist form of government.
25: Works Cited Central Intelligence Agency, ed. The World Factbook. N.p.: n.p., n.d. The World Factbook - CIA. Web. 30 Mar. 2014.
26: Current constitution adopted in 1987 | Federal system of government with limited power | The Philippines
27: The Philippines has a mixed economy that has held up better than its regional peers due to overseas Filipino workers and a rapidly expanding business process outsourcing industry. | Top Imports: electronic products, mineral fuels, machinery and transport equipment, iron and steel, textile fabrics, grains, chemicals, plastic | Economy | Top Exports: Semiconductors and electronic products, transport equipment, garments, copper products, petroleum products, coconut oil, fruits
28: Legislative Branch The bicameral Congress consists of the Senate, which holds 24 seats, and the House of Representatives, which has 230 members that represent districts and 57 members that represent special minorities. | Executive Branch President Benigno Aquino servers as the Chief of State and Head of Government. The cabinet is appointed by the president with the consent of Commission of Appointments. | Judicial Branch The Supreme court consists of a chief justice and 14 associate justices. The justices are appointed by the president on the recommedation of the Judicial and Bar Council.
29: Major Political Parties Struggle of Filipino Democrats, Lakas-CMD, Nacionalista Party, Nationalist People’s Coalition, PDP-Laban, People’s Reform Party, Force of the Philippine Masses
30: History's effects on Government | The government of the Philippines most closely resembles the government of the United States. Considering that the Philippines was lastly a colony of the United States, it is understandable that the U.S. would instill a democratic federal system of limited government. Strong similarities include the bicameral Congress and the three branch structure of the government.
31: Works Cited "A Brief History of Rice." Blogspot. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Mar. 2014.