FC: Introduction to Law Final Exam
1: Jonelle Parker
3: Transactional Law
4: Contract | - to be legal there must be an offer by one party and an acceptance from another party. - to be valid there must be an exchange of consideration, something of value is given for something else of value. -You cannot be legally competent, neither mentally ill or intoxicated. -A minor,someone under 18, must have a parent or other adult cosign.
5: Written Contracts | -Law prefers written contracts Contracts that must be in writing: -sale of land or real estate -sale of goods priced at $500 and more -agreements to pay another person's debt -agreements for services that will not be performed within one year from the date of the agreement
7: Pre-nuptial Agreements | -a written document made before marriage that sets forth certain rights and responsibilities of the husband and wife -husbands and wives make their own decisions when writing the agreement Includes: -Name Change -Support (spouses have equal legal responsibility to support their family). -Privileged Communications (include attorney-client,doctor-patient,and husband-wife relationships).
8: Torts | - in criminal law when someone commits a wrong it's a crime -in civil law when a person commits a wrong it is a tort | -the harmed individual is the plaintiff -Liability is the legal responsibility for harm
9: Strict Liability: -Differs from both negligence and intentional wrongs. -Only applies when the defendant is engaged in activity that is dangerous. | -If you reach an agreement it is a settlement. Negligence is an unintentional tort.
10: . | Trial Procedure | . | Opening Statement: - The purpose of an opening statement by each side is to tell the jurors information about the case. Direct Examination -The questions that they ask the witnesses
11: Cross Examination -Limited to questioning only on matters that were raised during direct examination.. | Closing Statement -Closing arguments or summations discuss the evidence.
12: American Civil Liberties Union | Since its founding in 1920, the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) has been the guardian of liberty, working in the nation's courts, legislatures and communities to defend and preserve individual working rights and liberties guaranteed by the Constitution and the laws of the United States. | ACLU
13: Amendment One | “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.”
14: Applies to ACLU because... -first amendment includes the Freedom of Speech, Press, Religion, and Petition -equal liberties under the law for everybody. -ACLU mainly focuses on Freedom of Speech
15: Amendment Five | The Fifth Amendment also applies. The fifth amendment says “No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service in time of war or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use.” | Applies Because... -The government cannot shut down an ACLU site until they are given a fair trial -Sometimes trials can take a few years